কৌতুক রস-২

(3) বল্টু ল্যাপটপ কিনেছে……….
কেনার পর ল্যাপটপের উপর
ত্যক্ত- বিরক্ত হয়ে বিল গেটস
সাহেবকে ইমেইল পাঠাল :
মি:
গেটস,
ঘটনা হইল, আমি যে ল্যাপটপটা
কিনলাম,
কেনার পর শুরুতেই যে সমস্যা পাইলাম,
এই keyboard এর letters গুলি সঠিকভাবে
সাজানো নাই।
A এর পরে S এরপরে আবার D….এটা
কোনো কিছু হইল??
ছোটবেলায় কি A,B,C, D ও শিখেন নাই
ঠিকমত???
যাই হোক, Windows এ Start Button আছে
কিন্তু
Stop Button নাই কেন???
Ms Word আছে কিন্তু
Mr. Word কবে বেরুবে???
Ms. দের দেখলে মাথা ঠিক
থাকেনা???
এসব ভন্ডামি ছাড়েন, বুঝলেন???
এর উপরে আবার আরেক গ্যাঞ্জাম,
প্রায়ই একটা ম্যাসেজ আসে
“press any key to continue “,
এই ” any key” টা Keyboard এর
কোথায় থাকে??
দুইদিন ধইরা খুইজ্জাও এই key পাইতাসি
না।
এসবের মানে কি???
আর আপনি নিজে হইলেন Gates (দরজা),
Gates
হইয়া Windows (জানালা), বানাইলেন
কেন???
আপনার সমস্যা টা কি?????
ইতি,
বল্টু…..

(4) হাতি আর পিপড়া প্রেম কইরা ধরা খাইছে।
পিপড়ার মা : তোর এত বড় সাহস তুই আমার
মেয়ে হইয়া হাতির লগে প্রেম করোস? আজ থেকে হাতির সাথে তোর যোগাযোগ বন্ধ
পিঁপড়া: (কাঁদো কাঁদো কন্ঠে) তা হয়না মা আমার পেটে হাতির বাচ্চা. . .
(9
পিপঁড়া হাতির কাছে তার স্যান্ঠো গ্যাঞ্জি ধার চাইছে। শুইনা হাতি অবাক হইয়া, অই আমার
গেঞ্জী দিয়া তুমি কি করবা?
পিপড়া: কাল আমার মাইয়ার বিয়া।
তাঁবু টানামু. .

(10) ৩টা ইদুর একসাথে গল্প করছে। ১ম ইদুর : জানিস আমি এক বোতল ইদুর মারা বিষ খেয়েও বেঁচে আছি। ২য় ইদুর :আমিতো ফাঁদে আটকে গেছিলামরে কিন্তু ফাঁদ ভেঙ্গে বের হয়েছি। ৩য় ইদুর :দোস্ত তোরা বসে বসে গল্প কর আমি একটু আসতাছি, আমার পোষা বিড়ালকে খাবার দিয়ে আসি
(11) মিলিটারী একাডেমীতে ট্রেনিং চলছে …
OFFICER , ক্যাডেট
পল্টুকে কে জিজ্ঞেস করল :
“তোমার হাতে এটা কি ?”
পল্টু : “Sir, এটা বন্দুক …!”
OFFICER : “না ! এটা বন্দুক না !
এটা তোমার ইজ্জত ,
তোমার গর্ব , তোমার মা হয় মা !”
,
,
,
,
তারপর Officer দ্বিতীয় ক্যাডেট
বল্টুকে জিজ্ঞেস
করল :
“তোমার হাতে এটা কি ?”
,
,
,
বল্টু : “Sir, এটা পল্টুর মা , ওর ইজ্জত ,
ওর
গর্ব ! আমাদের আন্টি হয় আন্টি !

What is Public Administration?

International students may be interested in pursuing a career in public administration. This is a very exciting and intellectually demanding career, and as such can be very challenging. So why should an international students study public administration

Defination:  Public administration attempts to explain how decisions in government are made as well as administrating projects to carry out those decisions. A public administration degree prepares international students for a career in government or non-profit work. Studying public administration can be an extremely rewarding experience for anyone looking to give back to their community by solving difficult problems.

US President Woodrow Wilson, one of the great proponents and teachers of public administration, wrote, “It is the object of administrative study to discover, first, what government can properly and successfully do, and, secondly, how it can do these proper things with the utmost possible efficiency and at the least possible cost either of money or of energy.” This is no easy task! Thus, the study of public administration helps students realize the different ways to accomplish these two objectives.
Who Studies Public Administration?

While elected officials are the most visible part of our government, it is the daily government workers, or “bureaucrats,” who do the majority of governmental tasks and functions. Some of these bureaucrats are public administrators and have a difficult job. They have to come up with implementing solutions to the most daring of society’s challenges. They advise elected officials of the strengths and weaknesses of public programs. A public administrator manages public agencies, sets budgets, and creates government policies. Luckily, a public administration degree prepares international students to successfully problem solve and find solutions.
Public Administration Coursework:

Public administration attempts to decipher how decisions in government are made as well as administrating government projects to carry out those decisions. A diverse background is required for the degree, with classes in public policy, management, sociology, and political theory.

HTML TAGS-2

Sometime it doesn’t make sense

Images ( ) feel like block-level elements — they are rectangular, have definite dimensions, and are usually displayed outside of the flow of text.

However they are actually inline elements. The reason for this is mostly a hold-over from a less-sophisticated period of web design, but we’re stuck with it now. The weird implications of this can be avoided easily, but its good to know. (See the chapter on images and also the one on CSS.)

There are other weird issues like this, and they will be covered later in this guide when they come up.

More about attributes

Almost every element tag can include attributes. Many elements have a specific set of attributes they support (like and the src= attribute), but there are several elements which are globally supported by all element types.

Two important attribute types are class and id.

<a href="http://example.com" class="example-link" id="link27">This anchor tag has three attributes.

Class attributes

Class attributes are used to mark one or more elements as belonging to a specific “class” or group — this can be used for displaying them all the same way.

For example, it is common to use an unordered list ( ) as a menu, and to make the list item (

) which points to the current page look different than all the other links in the same list.

 

<ul class="menu">
 <li class="menu-item">
   <a href="/home">Home
 

 


 <li class="current-item">
   <a href="/about">About
 

 


 <li class="menu-item">
   <a href="/contact">Contact
 

 

An element can have more than one class. Multiple classes are separated by spaces inside the class element.

<p class="first drop-cap">
  This is the first paragraph, and it is also part of the drop-cap class.

 

Because classes are separated by a space, classes may not include spaces in their names.

In CSS, JavaScript, and other languages, the class of an element is notated with a dot before the name.

/*CSS*/

.first {
    color: green;
}

The above CSS code means that within any element that has a class of first, the text color should display as green.

ID attribute

The ID attribute works similarly to the Class attribute, but is conceptually different. Rather than signifying the element’s membership in a group, it uniquely identifies that element. For this reason, there can be only one element with any specific ID on any given page.

<h1 id="page-title">This is the title of the page

 

IDs are less often used for affecting display, and more often used for functional purposes.

IDs can be used for internal linking of a document, such as the Table of Contents on a wikipedia article.


  <a href="#intro">Intro
 

 


  <a href="#history_of_topic">History of Topic
 

 

 



<h2 id="intro" class="section-header">Introduction

 

 


Text of introductory section.

 



<h2 id="history_of_topic" class="section-header">

 


Some history on this topic.

 

Notice that the links to the sections include the name of the tag, prefixed with the hash or pound sign ( # ). This is the standard way to reference the id of an element:

/*CSS*/

#intro {
    font-size: 14px;
}
// Jquery

$("#intro").click(
  // do something when the intro area is clicked
);

Other attributes

Each HTML tag has its own set of available attributes relating to their specific purpose. For example, the tag, which defines a hyperlink, includes the href (hyper-reference) attribute, which specifies a URL being linked to.

These attributes will be covered in more detail as we look at each tag individually in later chapters.

There are also a number of “global” attributes — attributes any element can have. These will also be covered in more detail later on, as their uses become more relevant.

Comment Tags

The last point to cover in basic HTML tags is the comment. Comments begin with an angle bracket, followed by an exclamation point and two dashes. They end with two dashes and a closing angle-bracket.

Comments may be multi-line.

<!--
This is a comment.
It has two lines.
-->

Comments may not be nested:

<!-- 
If I try to nest a comment inside another comment.
  <!-- Like this -->
Then this the part after the first closing tag will fall outside the comment.
-->

You need to watch our for nesting of comments if you ever try to comment-out a large section of existing HTML — inline comments in the original section will mess up your commenting.

Anything inside the comments will not be displayed to the user inside the browser. However, HTML comments can be viewed by the site visitors if they choose to view the page source. Therefore, do not use comments for anything you wish to hide from the public.

Summary

HTML is essentially text content with tags that are used to specify the meaning of that content within the document and the relationship of each piece of content to the others.

Tags are short snippets of letters inside angle-brackets. They typically consist of a matching pair — an opening and a closing tag. The opening tag is just the tag name, while the closing tag is prefixed with a slash.

Attributes may be added to any element. Attributes are specified inside the opening tag, as name–value pairs joined by an equal sign. The value must be inside single or double quotes (double quptes is standard).

The two most common attributes are the class and id attribute, which are used both for styling and functional purposes.

 

HTML Elements and Tags-1

This chapter takes a close look at tags, the fundamental building blocks of HTML. It covers how they work, some exceptions to the normal way they work, and a brief discussion on tag attributes.

Structure of Tags

Generally, matching pairs of tags surround the section of text which they affect. Two matching pairs of tags, along with the content they enclose, are called an “element.”

This element begins and ends with the "strong" tag.

The opening tag can contain additional attributes which provide more information about the contents of the tag and how to display them. These attributes are written as name–value pairs, separated by an equals ( = ) sign, with the value placed in quotes.

<a href="http://example.com">This is a link. The tag is an "a" for "anchor," and the href (hyper reference) attribute specifies where the link is pointing.

A few tags do not occur in matching pairs, because they are used to insert something, rather than describe text. These are called “empty” or “void” tags, and the most common one is the one used for inserting an image. The src attribute is used to specify the URL of the image.

<img src="http://media.whoishostingthis.com/2/v60/images/wiht-logo.png" />

Notice there is no closing tag, and therefore no enclosed text. The slash right before the final angle bracket ( /> )is used to “self-close” the tag. This is not absolutely required, but it is a good reminder that whatever follows will not be enclosed.

There are several other empty tags. Two are fairly straight forward and common.


  • inserts a line-break.


  • inserts a horizontal rule (line) separator.

Others do not insert something visual, but are used to provide information about the page itself.

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="theme.css" />

<meta name="description" content="Title of this page." />

Additionally, the tag (which is used to add Javascript to a page) can be empty, but it doesn’t have to be.

(More information on , , and tags will be provided later in this guide.)

Block-level vs. inline

With the exception of tags that provide information about the document itself, HTML tags fall into two categories, block and inline.

Block elements

Block elements represent rectangular blocks of content. They have an implied line break before and after. Block elements include sectional content like paragraphs (

), divisions (

), and headlines (

,

).

It is standard practice to type most block-level tags on individual lines above and below their content:

This is a div.

However, this is not always done, especially with headlines:

This is the title of a page

This is a major section

Some content in a paragraph.

Block-level elements can be nested, but some block-level elements can not contain other block-level elements:

Title of an article

First paragraph of article.

Paragraphs and headlines cannot contain other block-level elements.

Inline elements

Inline elements are elements used within text. Bold ( ), italic ( ), and links ( ) are all inline elements.

Inline elements are sometimes called “span-level” elements. There is also a generic span-level elements, simply called a span ( ). This doesn’t do a whole lot by itself, but can be used to create customized types of text-display, through the use of elements.

<span class="special-text">This text is special.

(See the chapter on CSS for information on how to make class="special-text" display in a special format.)………continue……in next..

কৌতুক রস-১

(1) স্বামী স্ত্রীর মধ্যে প্রচন্ড ঝগড়া হচ্ছে।এক সময় তারা সিদ্ধান্ত নিল তারা পরস্পরকে ডিভোর্স দিবে।কিন্তু একটা সমস্যা তৈরি হলো। তাদের একটা ছেলে ছিল।বউ বলে ছেলে আমার।স্বামী বলে ছেলে আমার। শেষ পর্যন্ত বিষয়টা কোর্ট পর্যন্ত গড়াল। / / / / স্বামীঃছেলে আমার।আমার জন্য ছেলেটা পৃথিবীর মুখ দেখেছে। স্ত্রীঃবাহ্।গ্লাস আমার,পানি আমার,চিনি আমার দুই ফোঁটা লেবুর রস দিয়ে পুরো শরবত তোমার!!!!!

(2) একদিন রাতের বেলা মন্টু আর ছেন্টু
মিলে অনেকগুলো আম চুরি করছে,
কিন্তু এতগুলা কোথায় ভাগাভাগি
করবে বুঝতে পারতেছিলনা।
সামনেই একটা কবরস্থান ছিল।
তারা দেওয়াল টপকে কবরস্থানের
ভিতর ঢুকে পড়লো। কিন্তু দেওয়াল
পার হওয়ার সময় দুইটা আম ঝাঁকি খেয়ে
পড়ে গেলো, তারা সেটা তোলার
সময় পেলোনা।
তো এক মাতাল সেই রাস্তা দিয়া
যাইতেছিল, কবরস্থানের পাশ দিয়ে
যাওয়ার সময় শুনতেছে… একটা তোর,
একটা আমার, একটা তোর, একটা আমার।
এই শুনে মাতাল দ্রুত হাঁটা দিল।
সামনেই এক পুলিশের দেখা পেয়ে
বলতেসে, “ভাই, কবরস্থানে ভূত আছে।
লাশ ভাগাভাগি করতাসে। আরেকটু
হইলে আমারেও খাইসিলো। অনেক
কষ্টে বাঁইচা আসছি।”
পুলিশ বলতেসে, “চলেন দেখি কোথায়
আপনার ভূত?”
দুইজনেই কবরস্থানের কাছে পৌছে
শুনতেছে… একটা তোর, একটা আমার,
একটা তোর, একটা আমার…
পুলিশ তো ভ্যাবাচ্যাকা খেয়ে
গেসে।
হঠাৎ মন্টু বলে উঠলো, “তাইলে
দেওয়ালের ওই পাশের দুইডারে কি
করবি?”
এই কথা শুইনা পুলিশ ও মাতাল ওখানেই
অজ্ঞান হইয়া পড়ল।

 

HTML For Beginners

 

HTML for Beginners – You must learn it.

From the small business owner to the student creating a class project, or even casual individuals working on a blog or personal project online, HTML knowledge is incredibly useful. Although the prospect of having to learn a programming language certainly does seem daunting, the good news is that HTML uses common words so that it is fairly simple to pick up.

In this guide we cover the basics in a (hopefully) easy-to-understand manner, perfect for the absolute beginner. However, we don’t stop at the basics — even seasoned webmasters will find useful tips to expand your working knowledge of HTML.

Start reading below, or use the navigation on the right to jump to a specific topic.
1. HTML Basics

This chapter introduces HTML, the language used to author web pages, and provides a little background regarding its history and the reason it is used.
What is HTML?

HTML is Hypertext Markup Language, a format for creating documents and web pages. It was originally invented in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee, and was based on an earlier markup language called SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), which was was based on an earlier format simply called GML (Generalized Markup Language) developed at IBM in the 1960s.

HTML consists primarily of matching pairs of angle-bracketed tags surrounding human-meaningful text (like this). The tags provide meaning, context, and display information to the text they surround.
What is a Markup Language?

Imagine any text-based document you have ever read: a website, a book, a PDF, a Word doc, a church bulletin. There is the text, of course — but there’s something else: how the text is displayed. Some of the words are larger or smaller, some are italicized or in bold, some are a different color or a different font.

The file that one of these documents is saved into has to contain both the human-readable text and also the information about the display. A number of different ways to accomplish this have been tried, and the most convenient way to do it is to store the information in line with the text itself.

So, for example, if you want to make some text bold or italic, you might do something like this:

I want to make [start bold]these words bold[end bold] and [start italic]these other words italic[end italic].

Which, in theory, should produce something like:

I want to make these words bold and these other words italic.

These inline matching pairs of style declarations are called tags, and something like this is the basis of almost every markup language. But this format shown above isn’t HTML, its just a little made-up example.

The example above has many problems with it, and the inventors of HTML (and SGML and GML) came up with something similar, but much better:

Square brackets are often used in text, so reserving them for use in tags could cause problems. Instead HTML uses angle brackets: < and >.
Writing start and end over and over is very tedious. HTML simplifies this by using the tag name itself as “start” declaration. The tag name with a slash in front of it ( / ) is used as the ending tag.
Rather than the whole words “bold” and “italic,” HTML uses abbreviations to make it faster to type and less obtrusive to read.

So, taking these things into account, the above example would look like:

I want to make these words bold and these other words italic.

I want to make these words bold and these other words italic.

Recently, there has been a move away from explicitly declaring typographical details (like bold and italic) and instead using the markup to convey the meaning, not just the look. Therefore, the and tags are no longer recommended for use. Instead, the preferred tags are and (emphasis). So in contemporary documents the sentence above would be:

I want to make these words stand out and to emphasize these words.

I want to make these words stand out and to emphasize these words.

HTML is, at its core, nothing more complicated than a set of defined markup tags.
What is hypertext?

Hypertext is a word that was invented in the 1960s to describe documents that contain links that allow the reader to jump to other places in the document or to another document altogether. These links, which we now take for granted in the modern web, were a big deal when computers were first coming into maturity.

The “hyper” concept of internal and external linking was so revolutionary to the way content is organized on the internet that the word shows up in a number of places:

HTML is the “HyperText markup language”
http:// stands for “HyperText Transfer Protocol
A link from one page to another is called a “hyperlink,” and the data attribute that specifies where a link is pointing to is called a “hyper reference.”

Where and How is HTML used?

HTML is used for almost all web pages. The web page you are reading right now uses HTML. It is the default language of websites.

It can also be used for other types of documents, like ebooks.

HTML documents are rendered by a a web browser (the application you are using to read this page). HTML rendering hides all the tags, and changes the display of the rest of the content based on what those tags say it should look like.

Do I need to learn HTML to run my website?

Unless you plan to become a web developer, and build pages from scratch, you don’t need to know all the intricate details of HTML.

If you are just using a blogging platform, a site builder, or a Content Management System (CMS) set up by someone else, you may be able to get by without knowing any HTML — there are “graphic” editors available that make adding content to a blog similar to writing in Microsoft Word or email.

However, sometimes those graphical editors don’t work exactly the right way, and sometimes you will want to do something and not understand why you can’t. Therefore, it is highly recommended that if you are going to be writing for the web, even just regular blog posts and announcements, that you get a good understanding of basic HTML concepts.

Additionally, there are details of how HTML documents are structured that have an effect on things like SEO and data aggregation. If you are interested in staying informed about how your website appears to non-human visitors, understanding HTML is an important skill.

Similarly, website accessibility — the ability for a website to be navigated successfully by people with visual or other handicaps — is an increasingly important consideration. The blind rely on computerized screen readers to translate web sites into sound, and the quality and structure of the underlying HTML document has a big impact on the ability of the screen reader to work properly.

Mostly, HTML is the common underlying language of the contemporary internet. If you want to understand how the world works, it is a good idea to at least have some familiarity with HTML.

Summary

HTML — Hypertext Markup Language — is the language used for creating web pages and other web-based documents. It consists mainly of matching pairs of angle-bracketed tags, enclosing sections of human-meaningful text. The tags, which are not displayed by web browsers, are used to provide information about how the text and page should be displayed.

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